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Traumatic Brain Injury
What is a traumatic brain injury?
Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability, psychosocial impairment, or both that adversely affects a student’s educational performance.

The term includes open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as, cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem solving, sensory, perceptual and motor abilities, psychological behavior, physical functions, information processing, and speech. The term does not include brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.

[+] Read about the specific criteria used to determine eligibility in the educational category of traumatic brain injury.

Missouri Department of Elementary & Secondary Education – Criteria for Eligibility in the Educational Category of Traumatic Brain Injury

A student has a traumatic brain injury when:
  1. A traumatic brain injury/head injury has been diagnosed by a licensed physician or through a neuropsychological assessment, and
  2. The student's educational performance is adversely affected by deficits in acquisition, retention, and/or generalization of skills. Students with a brain injury may have rapidly changing profiles, therefore, educational assessment should include current documentation of the student's functional capabilities and indicate deficits in one or more of the following areas:

A) Building or maintaining social competence;

B) Performance of functional daily living skills across settings;

C) The ability to acquire and retain new skills; and,

D) The ability to retrieve prior information.

PROFESSIONAL JUDGMENT: A student may also be deemed eligible if the student displays characteristics of traumatic brain injury even though a medical diagnosis of head injury has not been made by a physician. In such cases, substantial data to document the medical basis for a head injury must be present in the evaluation report.
[+] Books, journals and other publications on traumatic brain injury

The SSD Family & Community Resource Center (FCRC) offers books, videos and other resources on traumatic brain injury (PDF). Materials may be sent home through school mail to families whose children receive SSD services. Others may come into the FCRC to check out materials.
[+] Other local, state and national resources related to traumatic brain injury

Local Resources
Brain Injury Association of Missouri

Brain Injury Association Information Line

Bridges Community Support Services

Center for Head Injury Services

Epilepsy Foundation Missouri & Kansas


State Resources
The Brain Injury Guide and Resources (University of Missouri)

Missouri Brain Injury Advisory Council

National Resources
Brain Injury Association of America

National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC)

National Resource Center for Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury Survival Guide

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12110 Clayton Rd, Town & Country, MO 63131  /  314.989.8100  /  314.989.8552 – 711 (Missouri Relay)

Special School District of St. Louis County (SSD) is a leader in providing special education services to students with disabilities and also provides a wide range of career and technical education programs.
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